Category: Law Rev Forum

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Iowa Law Review, Volume 94, Issue 5 (July 2009)

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CRITICAL RACE THEORY SPEAKER SERIES
CRT 20: HONORING OUR PAST, CHARTING OUR FUTURE

Introduction

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Conference: Important Questions of Federal Law—Assessing the Supreme Court’s Case Selection Process

YLJ Online

The Yale Law School Supreme Court Advocacy Clinic and The Yale Law Journal Online, the forthcoming online platform of The Yale Law Journal, will host a half-day conference, “Important Questions of Federal Law”: Assessing the Supreme Court’s Case Selection Process, on September 18, 2009, at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C. The conference will consider the nature and causes of changes in the Supreme Court’s docket in recent years, as well as suggestions for reform of the certiorari process. The conference is made possible by the generous support of the Oscar M. Ruebhausen Fund. Practicing attorneys, judges, academics, and students are invited to attend. There is no charge for the conference, but space is limited, so all attendees must pre-register here. Breakfast and refreshments will be provided. If you are unable to attend, podcasts of conference sessions and downloadable papers from the panelists will be made available by Yale Law School’s main website. Select papers will also be published by The Yale Law Journal Online. Information on the conference can also be downloaded by clicking here.  For more information on The Yale Law Journal Online and the conference, please contact YLJ Online Editor Kathleen Claussen here.

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Iowa Law Review, Volume 94, Issue 4 (May 2009)

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Articles

Saving Facebook
James Grimmelmann

Attempt by Omission
Michael T. Cahill

Strange Bedfellows: Criminal Law, Family Law, and the Legal Construction of Intimate Life
Melissa Murray

Insider Trading and the Gradual Demise of Fiduciary Principles
Donna M. Nagy

Notes

Corporate Liability for Violations of Labor Rights Under the Alien Tort Claims Act
Wesley V. Carrington

The Right and Wrong Ways to Sell A Public Forum
John C. Crees

Searching for a Solution: A Proposed Change to the Code of Iowa Chapter 808A
Morgan N. Engling

Nonprofits: Are You at Risk of Losing Your Tax-Exempt Status?
Gina M. Lavarda

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Sidebar Publishes Essay on Remedial Rationing

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Columbia Law Review‘s Sidebar is pleased to announce the publication of Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts, Rodriguez v. City of Houston, and Remedial Rationing by Professor Jennifer Laurin of the University of Texas School of Law.

In her Essay, Professor Laurin identifies a trend in recent Supreme Court jurisprudence to restrict the enforcement of criminal procedure rights to either criminal defense or civil rights litigation, something she calls remedial rationing. Using Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusettsa criminal appeal decided by the Supreme Court last termand Rodriguez v. City of Houstona civil rights suit which the author participated in litigatingas examples, Professor Laurin discusses the prospects for each type of remedy to regulate law enforcement conduct.  She concludes that neither regime can adequately protect criminal defendants’ rights on its own, and that the two regimes work together in important ways.

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Sidebar Publishes Companion Piece to Federalization Snowballs

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Columbia Law Review‘s Sidebar is pleased to announce the publication of a companion piece to Federalization Snowballs:  The Need for National Action in Medical Malpractice Reform by Professor Abigail Moncrieff of Boston University.

In her Essay, Professor Moncrieff discussed the way in which federal healthcare programs have effected states incentives by allowing states to externalize some of the costs of their malpractice policies, resulting in a need for federal regulation in that area.  She called this a “federalization snowball”—federal intervention through spending programs creates a need for further federal regulation in areas that are traditionally state functions.

In her companion piece, A Closer Look at the Federalization Snowball, Professor Moncrieff explores the scope of the problem of federalization snowballs and its historical and theoretical underpinnings in a debate over the interpretation of the Spending Clause.

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Sidebar Publishes Response to Heinous, Atrocious and Cruel: Apprendi, Indeterminate Sentencing, and the Meaning of Punishment

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Columbia Law Review‘s Sidebar is pleased to announce the publication of a response to W. David Ball’s article Heinous, Atrocious, and Cruel: Apprendi, Indeterminate Sentencing, and the Meaning of Punishment by Professor Berman of Ohio State University’s Moritz College of Law.

In his article Ball explores the ramifications of Apprendi for indeterminate sentencing systems where parole boards may deny parole based on their findings of fact about the original crime, even when these findings contradict the jury’s.  Ball argues that while parole boards may be competent to make factual determinations about a prisoner’s rehabilitation, juries, as the moral representatives of the community, must find facts related to retribution.

In his response, Professor Berman challenges the idea that modern juries can act as the conscience of the community.  He points out that the vast majority of criminal cases never reach a jury and that restrictions on juries prevent them from being able to effectively express moral condemnation through their findings.  Professor Berman argues instead that in order  to develop sound procedural rules for sentencing we must pay greater attention to rights other than the jury right.

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Sidebar Publishes Response to Revealing Choices: Using Taxpayer Choice to Target Tax Enforcement

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Columbia Law Review‘s Sidebar is pleased to announce the publication of a response to Revealing Choices: Using Taxpayer Choice to Target Tax Enforcement by Alex Raskolnikov.

In his article, Professor Raskolnikov argues that the current tax enforcement regime could better take account of differing taxpayer motivations if it were replaced with two regimes: a “deterrence regime,” similar to the current regime but with higher penalties, and a “compliance regime,” which would feature lower penalties but would include procedural mechanisms, such as a pro-government presumption in litigation and a requirement to submit to binding arbitration, which would tend to resolve disputes in the government’s favor. Raskolnikov argues that requiring a choice between these two regimes would serve to separate those taxpayers who seek to game the system from those who do not, so that enforcement mechanisms could be targeted appropriately, leading ultimately to gains in compliance and efficiency.

In his response, Professor Lawrence Zelenak argues that recently enacted reporting and disclosure requirements aimed at tax shelters already serve to separate gamers from the majority of taxpayers. Professor Zelenak suggests that the current regime may be preferable to Raskolnikov’s proposal because it addresses the most important category of gamers (users of tax shelters) without forcing some taxpayers into a deterrence regime, because it is more equitable to improve compliance by increasing the probability of detection rather than by increasing penalties, and because a pro-government presumption and a requirement of binding arbitration represent a drastic and possibly detrimental change in the current regime as applied to the ordinary taxpayer.

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Sidebar publishes response to Judging the Voting Rights Act

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Columbia Law Review’s Sidebar is pleased to announce the publication of a response to Judging the Voting Rights Act by Adam B. Cox and Thomas J. Miles.

Professors Cox and Miles’ study found that judicial ideology and race are closely related to findings of liability in voting rights cases. In their response Professors Staudt and VanderWeele argue that, because Cox and Miles failed to investigate the possibility of dependencies between the variables they were studying, their results may be biased. Staudt and VanderWeele develop an alternative approach for exploring the effects of judicial attributes on voting using causal directed acyclic graphs. This methodology can help empirical researchers investigate the relationships between variables in order to posit statistical models with appropriate controls and to identify true cause and effect relationships when they exist. While this methodology has become popular in a number of disciplines—including statistics, biostatistics, epidemiology, and computer science—and is widely believed to be a valuable tool for empirical research, it has yet to appear in the empirical law literature. Staudt and VanderWeele offer a brief introduction of the method in their response in order to initiate discussion as to its worth in empirical legal studies.

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The Yale Law Journal Online: Sonia Sotomayor’s Note

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The Yale Law Journal Online* is pleased to present the Note published by Sonia Sotomayor in Volume 88 (1979).  Judge Sotomayor, who has been nominated by President Obama to the Supreme Court of the United States, was a member of the Yale Law School Class of 1979 and an editor of The Yale Law Journal.   If confirmed by the U.S Senate, she would be the Court’s first Hispanic justice and its third woman.  Judge Sotomayor would also join two other Yale Law School graduates currently on the Court—Justice Clarence Thomas ’74 and former Journal editor Justice Samuel Alito ’75.

Judge Sotomayor’s piece, Statehood and the Equal Footing Doctrine: The Case for Puerto Rican Seabed Rights, analyzed issues regarding Puerto Rico’s ability to maintain rights to its seabed if it pursued statehood.   The Note can be accessed here.

*Effective Fall 2009, The Pocket Part will be integrated into The Yale Law Journal Online, the new online companion and platform of the Journal.  Further details will be forthcoming.

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Iowa Law Review, Volume 94, Issue 3 (March 2009)

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Articles

Cause for Concern: Causation and Federal Securities Fraud
Jill E. Fisch

Twombly, Pleading Rules, and the Regulation of Court Access
Robert G. Bone

Values and Value Creation in Public–Private Transactions
Nestor M. Davidson

Green Is Good: Sustainability, Profitability, and a New Paradigm for Corporate Governance
Judd F. Sneirson

Notes

A Newsworthiness Privilege for Republished Defamation of Public Figures
Matthew J. Donnelly

The NLRB’s Oil Capitol and Toering Decisions and Their Effects on Unionization and American Labor Law
Michael J. Hilkin

Stuck in a Bind: Can the Arbitration Fairness Act Solve the Problems of Mandatory Binding Arbitration in the Consumer Context?
Joshua T. Mandelbaum

Extending Refugee Definitions to Cover Environmentally Displaced Persons Displaces Necessary Protection
Kara K. Moberg