No graphic for this post, tempted though I am . . . .
On November 6, the Oregon Supreme Court heard a dispute between parents over the circumcision of their 12-year-old son. The father, who has recently converted to Judaism and has full custody of the boy, wants him circumcised. The mother is trying to stop the procedure and argues that it is both sexual and physical abuse. The lower court dismissed her challenge but would not permit the circumcision to occur until all appeals were exhausted.
There’s been plenty of talk about this case over at Law Blog. Reading the comments provides a snapshot of the debate over whether the United States should continue its practice of male infant circumcision. Law Blog has comments about the procedure’s health benefits and associated risks; assertions about whether circumcised males experience less sexual pleasure than uncircumcised males; and questions about whether one can criticize male circumcision and avoid being labeled anti-semitic.
I’ve argued elsewhere that even non-religious infant male circumcision is driven primarily by cultural concerns, not medical ones. Sociological research has shown that many parents decide to circumcise because they want their son to resemble his father or his peers. Moreover, the cultural ubiquitousness of infant male circumcision substantially affects the debate that surrounds the practice. Doctors, academics and judges cannot help but be influenced by the fact that they are likely to be circumcised themselves (particularly if they are Caucasian), or to have only been exposed to circumcised sexual partners, or to have decided to circumcise their own children. This cannot help but color the debate, probably in ways that even the participants themselves are unaware.
The Oregon case provides an interesting twist because the child is 12. At Law Blog, readers have emphasized the OUCH factor and argued that the boy can decide whether to undergo circumcision when he turns 18. But some other cultures believe that circumcision is too painful and traumatic for newborns; instead, they circumcise boys during late elementary school, as part of a passage into manhood.
An article in the NY Sun quotes Geoff Miller at NYU as stating that he would “be quite shocked or at least surprised” if the Oregon Supreme Court reverses the lower court. Miller has good reason for his opinion, as courts have been unsympathetic to non-custodial parents who seek to prevent the circumcision of infants, and to custodial parents who claim the procedure was done without their informed consent. Still, this case may turn out differently than the rest. The Pacific Northwest has the lowest circumcision rates of anywhere in the county. The boy is 12. The combination of these two factors may mean that judges in Oregon view this case through a different cultural lens.