Lawmaking is a sloppy spectacle, perhaps especially amid crisis like now when Congress offers conditional financial assistance to save private banks and car makers. It is possible that once the entire process is complete a coherent law will result. So far, Congressional actions are not encouraging—and may worry even those scholars and policy analysts who may generally prefer moving from state-by-state corporate law production to a federal corporate law regime.
First, there appears to be no principled basis to distinguish the federal corporate governance conditions proposed to be imposed on the auto industry under the House bill (HR 7231) voted up yesterday and the comparatively loose conditions imposed on the financial industry under the economic stabilization act passed two months ago.
Principal examples are limitations on dividends (to be imposed on car makers but not on banks), limitations on corporate jets (car makers can’t own or lease them but banks can) and limitations on executive compensation (stringent for Detroit, weak for financiers).
Second, the draft House bill has some internal inconsistencies and provisions that are redundant because they already exist in federal law. These concern standards for executive compensation and corporate governance to be specified by a Presidential designee. 12(b)(2).