Questionable Advice On Net Neutrality
posted by Frank Pasquale
The DOJ Antitrust Division’s just-released public comment on net neutrality (available here) has been getting a lot of press. Unfortunately, it appears that the shoddy analysis that Jack Goldsmith saw in the DOJ’s torture memos may also be infecting its approach to net neutrality. I just want to raise three worries apparent on a quick read of the document:
1) Pollyanna Prevails: The DOJ document presumes that a laissez-faire approach has done wonders for US broadband access. But just as visitors from Japan and Europe find our cell phones crippled, so too our internet access is lagging. As the WaPo notes, “In sharp contrast to the Bush administration over the same time period, regulators [in Japan] compelled big phone companies to open up wires to upstart Internet providers”–and saw extraordinary results. But (again, on a quick read), I did not see a single reference in the DOJ document on how other countries handle the policy issues the FCC is facing, except for the Canadian Telus dispute (which it called “irrelevant”).
2) Shunning the Scholars: From a quick text-search of the document’s footnotes, it appears that DOJ fails to reckon with the work of a single one of the following prominent pro-net-neutrality scholars: van Schewick, Economides, Frischmann & Waller, Crawford, or Wu.
van Schewick’s work provides an interesting contrast to many of the citations in the DOJ filing:
Barbara van Schewick [argues that there is a] severe threat of discrimination without network neutrality regulation, and that discrimination will reduce application-level innovation. van Schewick’s work is not funded by any of the special interests involved in this issue — nor is it sponsored by the “independent” think tanks that are funded by the special interests involved in this issue.
Even more surprisingly, the DOJ fails to cite the leading legal academic voice against net neutrality, Christopher Yoo.
3) Errant Economism: Economic analysis has its place, and DOJ does cite several economists who claim that network neutrality rules would “skew investment, delay innovation, and diminish consumer welfare.” Even if I were to cede that very questionable claim, is that the end of the issue? Economic analysis is one tool among many for evaluating the normative desirability of a policy proposal. Would the DOJ think FCC Commissioner Deborah Taylor Tate out of line for being concerned about sex and violence as she helps craft these rules? A narrow focus on economics does not help us achieve what the DOJ itself admits is the clear “public policy objective here. . . .: a thriving and dynamic Internet capable of meeting the demands of consumers for fast and reliable access to a rich variety of content and applications.”